Tag Archives: Justice for All

The cost of cutting legal aid

Ahead of this afternoon’s committee stage debate on the legal aid bill in the House of Lords (you can watch it here), the Law Society have published important new independent research showing that the government have significantly over-estimated the savings from cutting legal aid and that the cuts will cause significant additional public expenditure elsewhere. The full report can be found here, and the Law Society’s press release here, with reaction on the Sound off for Justice site here.

In further research to be formally launched at a Parliamentary event on Thursday, the Legal Action Group have found that 88% of Londoners support legal aid being available either to all or to those earning less than the national average wage.

Not only is cutting legal aid expensive, it seems it is also unpopular. As well as emailing Lord McNally, why not pair up with a peer and tell them that? And while you’re at it, tell your MP too – because any amendments the Lords might make will have to be approved by the Commons as well.

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Filed under Civil, Family, Legal aid bill, Policy

Two minutes to save legal aid for welfare benefits appeals

The House of Lords is going to debate the removal of social welfare law from scope on Tuesday.

It takes 2 minutes to email Lord McNally to tell him that this will mean that some of the poorest and most vulnerable members of society will be denied benefits to which they are legally entitled because they will no longer be able to get advice.

Please do it.


Filed under Civil, Family, Legal aid bill, Uncategorized

Legal aid reform (1): overview

When the government published the final version of its reform plans last week, it actually published a number of key documents. The Legal Aid, Sentencing and Punishment of Offenders Bill has been through its first and second reading in Parliament and is now in the committee stage. As well as the bill, it released a response to the consultation and a schedule of revised fees, as well as impact assessments, a reply to the Justice Select Committee report, and a paper about litigants in person.

The key documents are the consultation response, fees schedule and the bill. The consultation response contains the detail of the proposals, and the bill sets out those that need primary legislation. The proposals can be grouped into 5 broad areas:

  1. Scope – the provisions on scope are within the bill
  2. Eligibility – the bill makes provision for regulations to govern eligibility under the new scheme. It is not yet clear whether the government also propose to change the existing eligibility rules for the current scheme, which could be done relatively easily by amending the regulations
  3. Fees – the government has announced cuts to civil, family and crime fees. The civil and criminal fee cuts will take effect from October 2011, the family from February 2012.
  4. Administration and governance – the bill abolishes the LSC and creates a Director of Legal Aid Casework, to whom various functions and responsibilities are given.
  5. Establishment of a telephone gateway, initially for limited areas of law.

The bill itself is in 4 parts – legal aid, litigation funding, sentencing, and technical provisions. There are also 16 schedules, of which the key ones for legal aid are the first 5 (schedules 6 and 7 concern criminal costs from central funds in mainstream and services prosecutions).

The current scheme

The current legal aid scheme is governed by the Access to Justice Act 1999, and various regulations made under it, together with contracts entered into by the Legal Services Commission using their powers under the Act. The LSC itself was created by the 1999 Act. Paragraph 49 of Schedule 5 of the bill repeals all parts of the Access to Justice Act dealing with legal aid, and clause 36 of the bill abolishes the LSC itself.

Therefore, the bill does not simply amend the existing legal aid scheme; it abolishes the entire scheme, together with the body set up to administer it, and replaces it with a brand new legal aid scheme administered from within the Ministry of Justice. This is not just reform or amendment; in effect, legal aid – or its statutory underpinning – has been torn up and re-created from scratch.

The Access to Justice Act civil legal aid scheme is a broad scheme; unless a court or tribunal or type of case is excluded by Schedule 2, it is covered. Similarly, all areas of criminal law are by default included within the criminal scheme, as are a number of “quasi-criminal” civil proceedings (ASBOs and the like) which are added either by statute or regulation.

The new scheme

The new scheme proposed under the bill, by contrast, is an exclusive scheme. Schedule 1 of the bill lists various types of civil proceedings; those listed are within the scope of legal aid, but anything not listed is out of scope.  Clause 8(2) of the bill allows the Lord Chancellor to amend the schedule to exclude further areas of law, but not to bring more areas back in scope. So in future civil and family legal aid can be further restricted by regulation, but can only be expanded by Act of Parliament.

Criminal legal aid is available for criminal investigations (clause 12) and criminal proceedings (clause 13). The definition of criminal proceedings is basically the same as in s12 Access to Justice Act, and includes a similar power to prescribe other proceedings. It is this power that has been used under the current scheme to bring quasi-criminal civil cases within criminal legal aid, most recently last week. As regulations to be made under the bill have not yet been published, it is not known whether the current list in Reg 3 of the Criminal Defence Service (General) (No 2) Regulations 2001 will simply be carried over.

What happens next

The LSC has already announced the implementation of fee cuts – 3rd October for civil and crime, and February 2012 for family and housing with family. There has been no announcement yet as to when the eligibility changes take effect, but this could happen either within the current scheme or in the implementation of the new scheme.

The bill will continue its passage through Parliament and seems unlikely to receive Royal Assent before next spring. The tendering process for new family and family with housing contracts to take effect from February 2012 is currently being consulted on, but these are Access to Justice Act, not new-style contracts. The earliest a tendering process under the new law could happen is spring / summer 2012, making the earliest implementation date for new-style contracts, and thus scope cuts, autumn 2012.

Further reading

Over the next few days we will publish further analysis of key provisions of the reform programme and links to those posts are below.

See also our summary of the proposals and the fees announcement. See also responses by Sound off for Justice, Justice for All, the Bar Council, Shelter, and Citizens Advice. There are good posts about specific subject areas on Nearly Legal (housing) and Pink Tape (family), and an overview in the Gazette. Baroness Hale’s Hodge Lecture on access to justice is also worth reading, as is Professor Richard Moorhead’s broader view.

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Filed under Civil, Costs, Crime, Family, Immigration, Legal aid bill, Policy, Social welfare

Clarke announces £20 million for the NfP sector

In the second reading debate on the Legal Aid and Sentencing Bill, Ken Clarke announced there would be £20 million to help the ‘efficiency and effectiveness’ of advice services in this financial year.

He also said that the government is mindful of the impact of the legal aid reforms beyond this financial year, and would ‘consider the issues’ further.

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Today’s the day for action

Justice for All Action Hero

Today is the Justice for All Day of Action. You can find resources on the JfA website, together with a list of events taking place around the country, or follow them on twitter for updates during the day.

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One week to go…

Justice for All Action Hero

…until the Justice for All day of action to call attention to the campaign against the proposed legal aid reforms. There are suggestions and campaign materials freely available on JfA’s website for use in organising and publicising your event, along with details of some of the events that have been arranged so far.

News that the government may be considering further cuts to legal aid in the belief that they will no longer be able to deliver expected savings in sentencing adds further weight to the need to keep the profile of legal aid issues high.

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Two weeks to go…

Justice for All Action Hero…until the Justice for All day of action to call attention to the campaign against the proposed legal aid reforms. There are suggestions and campaign materials freely available on JfA’s website for use in organising and publicising your event.

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Legal aid debates coming up

Two Parliamentary debates on legal aid are scheduled for the coming weeks, in Westminster Hall on Wednesday 11th May, and in the House of Lords on Thursday 19th May. As the government has not yet announced its decisions on the outcome of the legal aid reform consultation, it is important to keep the profile of legal aid issues high. You can contact your MP and urge them to attend the Westminster Hall debate via writetothem.com. Justice for All have tips and materials to use when contacting your MP.

UPDATE – The transcript of the Westminster Hall debate is now available from Hansard. It seems that, disappointingly, the debate was not particularly well attended. Nor, before he was cut off in mid-flow to allow discussion to move on to the crucial matter of the M4 link road, did there seem to be any signals from the minister of a change of heart, though Jon Robins in the Guardian perhaps finds a chink of hope in the indication that there has been “careful consideration” of the extent of the domestic violence exception in family cases.

FURTHER UPDATE: The transcript and video (from 3hr24m) of the Lords debate are now available

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Filed under Civil, Crime, Family, Immigration, Policy, Social welfare